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دانلود رایگان کتاب Grape IPM Guide for Minnesota Producers بزبان انگلیسی

 دانلود رایگان کتاب Grape IPM Guide for Minnesota  Producers بزبان انگلیسی

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Grape IPM Guide for Minnesota  Producers

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) utilizes all suitable techniques and methods in as compatible a manner as possible to maintain the pest population at levels below those causing economic injury (FAO 1975). Integrated pest management (IPM) thus is a philosophy based on several guiding principles including the use of control options that are environmentally sound, socially acceptable and economically feasible. These principles promote using pest management options in a way that minimizes impact on the environment, increases grower profits, and provides consumers with quality produce. The foundation of IPM is built on information about both the crop and the pest.
Information about the crop that is useful typically includes production practices, soil type and pH, and at what growth stages is the plant susceptible to a particular pest infestation. Likewise, information about the pest that is useful in making management decisions includes when the pest is present in relation to the susceptible growth stage of the crop, what stage of the pest is most easily managed, and what pest level causes economic loss ……

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