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دانلود رایگان کتاب PEN DRAWING AN ILLUSTRATED TREATISE بزبان انگلیسی

دانلود رایگان کتاب PEN DRAWING AN ILLUSTRATED TREATISE بزبان انگلیسی

Pen Drawing an illustrated Treatise-www.parsseh

Art, with its finite means, cannot hope to record the infinite variety and complexity of Nature,  and so contents itself with a partial statement, addressing this to the imagination for the full and  perfect meaning. This inadequation, and the artificial adjustments which it involves, are tolerated  by  right  of  what  is  known  as  artistic  convention;  and  as  each  art  has  its  own  p articular  limitations,  so  each  has  its  own  particular  conventions.  Sculpture  reproduces  the  forms  of
Nature,  but  discards  the  color  without  any  shock  to our  ideas  of  verity;  Painting  gives  us  the  color, but not the third dimension, and we are satisfied; and Architecture is purely  conventional,  since it does not even aim at the imitation of natural form.
The Conventions of Line Drawing  Of the kindred arts which group themselves under the head  of  Painting,  none  is  based  on  such  broad  conventions  as  that  with  which  we  are  immediately
concerned—the  art  of  Pen  Drawing.  In  this  medium,  Nature’s  variety  of  color,  when  not  positively ignored, is suggested by means of sharp black lines, of varying thickness, placed more  or  less  closely  together  upon  white  paper;  while  natural  form  depends  primarily  for  its
representation upon arbitrary  boundary  lines. There  is, of course, no authority  in Nature  for a  positive outline: we see objects only by the difference in color of the other objects behind and  around them. The technical capacity of the pen and  ink  medium,  however, does not provide a  value corresponding to every natural one, so that a broad interpretation has to be adopted which  eliminates  the  less  positive  values;  and,  that  form  may  not  likewise  be  sacrificed,  the  o utline
becomes necessary, that light objects may stand relieved against light. This outline is the most  characteristic,  as  it  is  the  most  indispensable,  of  the  conventions  of  line  drawing.  To  seek  to  abolish  it  only  involves  a  resort  to  expedients  no  less  artificial,  and  the  results  of  all  such  attempts, dependent as they necessarily are upon elaboration of color, and a general indirectness  of method, lack some of the best characteristics of pen drawing. More frequently, however, an  elaborate color-scheme is merely a straining at the technical limitations of the pen in an effort to  render the greatest possible number of values.
It may be worth while to inquire whether excellence in pen drawing consists in thus dispensing  with its recognized conventions, or in otherwise taxing the technical resources of the instrument.
This involves the question of Style,—of what characteristic pen methods are,—a question which  we will briefly consider  ……….

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