دانلود رایگان کتاب گرامر ضروری زبان اسپانیایی Spanish – An Essential Grammar
Due to recent changes, the composition of the Spanish alphabet today is more like English and other Romance languages. Because older reference works used a different system of classification, a few words of explanation may be helpful.
Until 1994, chand ll were considered to be separate letters in the Spanish alphabet. Consequently, in dictionaries and word lists there were separate listings for words beginning with each of them, after cand l respectively.
Likewise, this alphabetical order was observed when those letters occurred within words, with the result that cocha would be listed after all other words beginning with coc-, and callada aftercalzo. In 1994, under international pressure and the impact of computer sorting programs, the Association of Academies of Spanish adopted the internationally accepted standard of alphabetical order, no longer considering chand ll to be separate letters. However, as a distinctive feature of the language, Spanish still considers ñto be a separate letter. Dictionaries, therefore, still retain a separate listing for the few words beginning with ñ(after those beginning with n) and this order is preserved when ñoccurs within words (cañabeing listed after canzonetista).