دانلود رایگان کتاب ابراهام لینکلن Abraham Lincoln And the Road To Emancipation
When the Civil War began in April 1861, President Abraham Lincoln had no intention of issuing an emancipation proclamation. Lincoln believed he lacked the constitutional authority to interfere with slavery in any state, even when the government of that state insisted it was no longer
a part of the Union. The president feared that emancipation would shatter the northern consensus in favor of a war to preserve the nation, and might alienate the border slave states that remained in the Union—possibly leading them to secede and join the Confederacy.
Lincoln also shrank from emancipation because he did not know if four million free African-Americans could find a place in American society. Slavery—and the racism that sustained it—had deep roots in the nation’s psyche. Viewing the effects of more than two centuries of slavery, white Americans doubted whether blacks could sustain themselves in a competitive economy, or fulfill the responsibilities of citizenship in a
democracy. Lincoln understood that every part of the nation shared this
prejudice; his only solution was to colonize free blacks outside the United