Marrakesh : The Pink City
Marrakesh is possibly the most important of Morocco’s four former imperial cities (cities that were built by Moroccan Berber empires). The region was inhabited by Berber farmers from Neolithic times, but the actual city was founded in 1062 AD by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, chieftain and cousin of Almoravid king Yusuf ibn Tashfin. In the 12th century, the Almoravids built many madrasas (Koranic schools) and mosques in Marrakesh that bear Andalusian influences.
The red walls of the city, built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123, and various buildings constructed in red sandstone during this period, have given the city the nickname of the “Red City” or “Ochre City”.
The vibrant spices that were once traded through Marrakech have rubbed off on the city itself. With buzzing markets and colourful bazaars, the city is ideal for anyone who wants to get a taste of traditional Moroccan life.