Free download of : Dreams and Realities Developing Countries and the English Language
The purpose of this book is to examine the claims that have been made for the
importance of English in development, to point out where these claims do not
appear to be justified, to consider whether the pursuit of English in the name of
development carries with it any dangers, to identify those areas in which English
really does appear to have a useful role to play and to formulate recommendations.
Some of the 15 chapters which follow this introductory chapter take a broad
geographical sweep while others focus on particular countries. Fifteen countries
are selected for detailed discussion, six in Asia (Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) and nine in Africa (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia). According to the United Nations Human Development Programme (UNDP 2010), four of these 15 countries (China, Indonesia, India, Pakistan) are categorised as having Medium Human Development, one (Eritrea) cannot be classified because of insufficient data, while the remaining ten are all categorised as having Low Medium Human Development. Meanwhile, four of these countries are classified by the United Nations as being among the world’s ‘least developed’ nations; these are DR Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Malawi. (There is some overlap between the UNDP’s ‘Low Human Development’ category and the UN’s ‘least developed’ category) ……..